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EurOMo Transparency Index – 2022

Based on the EurOMo pilot database, consisting of a sample of news media from 15 EU countries. Data reflects situation on 31st May 2022. Read the full methodology. Please inform us if you find any mistake.

Overall transparency

This index ranks countries of the EurOMo pilot monitoring according to the public availability of relevant information on media ownership and control. The assessment occurs in four dimensions:

  • Legal ownership
  • Economic control
  • Management
  • Relations

 

In each dimension, a country has a score in a 0-3 scale: 0 means minimum transparency and 3 means maximum transparency.

For the indicators that compose each dimension, see below.

Hover over the dimensions and their lables to highlight them. Click on the labels to select or deselect a whole dimension.

Click on a column to sort the table in ascending/descending order.

Country Legal ownership Economic control Management Relations INDEX
SE 2,43 2,47 3,00 3,00 2,72
PT 2,53 1,65 3,00 2,94 2,53
AT 2,18 2,26 1,68 3,00 2,28
DK 2,33 1,36 2,42 3,00 2,28
DE 1,95 1,70 2,32 3,00 2,24
SI 1,75 1,42 3,00 2,68 2,21
LT 2,50 1,39 1,44 3,00 2,08
Average 1,96 1,53 2,25 2,46 2,05
BE 1,95 0,86 2,40 3,00 2,05
IT 2,30 1,66 2,96 1,27 2,05
NL 1,93 0,38 2,40 3,00 1,93
CZ 1,85 1,99 1,96 1,48 1,82
ES 1,15 1,62 1,76 2,61 1,79
GR 1,40 1,18 1,20 2,40 1,55
HU 1,23 1,48 2,00 0,03 1,18

Indicators

In the pilot EurOMo Transparency Index 2022, each dimension is composed of several indicators, which are individually assessed. The assessment refers to the extent information about the indicator is available throughout the national samples above a minimum threshold. The aggregated score of the dimension is reached after weighting the indicators. Read the full methodology for details.

Legal ownership

Click on a column to sort the table in ascending/descending order.

  • Media owners: mention of direct and beneficial owner(s) of each media outlet in the publication or its website
  • Shareholdings: data about the percentage of shareholdings of each legal/natural person involved in the ownership chain
  • Voting rights: data about the percentage of voting rights of each legal/natural person involved in the ownership chain

Economic control

Click on a column to sort the table in ascending/descending order.

Country Reach and audience
Weight: 0,4
Public funding
Weight: 0,3
Revenues
Weight: 0,3
SCORE
SE 1,9 3,0 2,7 2,47
AT 2,8 3,0 0,8 2,26
CZ 2,8 1,5 1,4 1,99
DE 2,9 1,1 0,7 1,70
IT 2,5 0,0 2,2 1,66
PT 2,4 0,0 2,3 1,65
ES 3,0 0,0 1,4 1,62
Average 2,1 0,7 1,6 1,53
HU 2,5 0,0 1,6 1,48
SI 1,9 0,0 2,2 1,42
LT 2,2 0,0 1,7 1,39
DK 1,3 0,1 2,7 1,36
GR 2,8 0,0 0,2 1,18
BE 0,8 0,2 1,6 0,86
NL 0,2 0,5 0,5 0,38
  • Reach and audience: data about reach and audience of each media outlet
  • Public funding: data about public subsidies and advertising received by each company involved in the ownership chain
  • Revenues: data about the revenues of each company involved in the ownership chain

Management

Click on a column to sort the table in ascending/descending order.

Country Managers
Weight: 0,4
Editors-in-chief
Weight: 0,4
Newsroom decision-making
Weight: 0,2
SCORE
SE 3,0 3,0 3,0 3,00
PT 3,0 3,0 3,0 3,00
SI 3,0 3,0 3,0 3,00
IT 3,0 3,0 2,8 2,96
DK 3,0 3,0 0,1 2,42
BE 3,0 3,0 0,0 2,40
NL 3,0 3,0 0,0 2,40
DE 3,0 2,6 0,4 2,32
Average 3,0 2,1 1,1 2,25
HU 3,0 2,0 0,0 2,00
CZ 3,0 1,9 0,0 1,96
ES 3,0 0,0 2,8 1,76
AT 3,0 1,0 0,4 1,68
LT 3,0 0,6 0,0 1,44
GR 3,0 0,0 0,0 1,20
  • Managers: name of responsible person(s) for the economic management of each media outlet (CEO, managing director, etc.)
  • Editors-in-chief: name of person(s) who bears editorial responsibility in each media outlet (usually editor-in-chief)
  • Newsroom decision-making: availability of information for each media outlet on the level of participation of the newsroom in the choice of editors-in-chief

Relations

Click on a column to sort the table in ascending/descending order.

Country Affiliation of media outlets
Weight: 0,4
Affiliation of legal persons
Weight: 0,3
Affiliation of natural persons
Weight: 0,3
SCORE
SE 3,0 3,0 3,0 3,00
AT 3,0 3,0 3,0 3,00
DK 3,0 3,0 3,0 3,00
DE 3,0 3,0 3,0 3,00
LT 3,0 3,0 3,0 3,00
BE 3,0 3,0 3,0 3,00
NL 3,0 3,0 3,0 3,00
PT 3,0 3,0 2,8 2,94
SI 2,5 2,9 2,7 2,68
ES 3,0 2,6 2,1 2,61
Average 2,4 2,5 2,5 2,46
GR 2,4 2,8 2,0 2,40
CZ 1,3 1,4 1,8 1,48
IT 0,1 1,1 3,0 1,27
HU 0,0 0,0 0,1 0,03
  • Affiliation of media outlets: if there are outlets affiliated to external institutions (political party, church, interest group), disclosure of the affiliation by each outlet
  • Affiliation of legal persons: if there are media owners (legal persons) affiliated to external institutions (political party, church, interest group), disclosure of the affiliation by each owner
  • Affiliation of natural persons: if there are media owners (natural persons) affiliated to external institutions (political party, church, interest group), disclosure of the affiliation by each owner

Risk Index

Report 2022

All Findings